27 Feb

Diriyah Gate

Najdi Architecture

NAJDI architecture, is a style of architecture found in the Najd region of Saudi Arabia. It is characterized by its simplicity, functionality, and use of local materials such as mud, clay, stone, and palm wood.

NAJDI architecture has evolved over centuries, adapting to changes in technology, lifestyle, and cultural influences. While modernization and urbanization have led to the decline of traditional architecture in some parts of Saudi Arabia, efforts are underway to preserve and revitalize Najdi architectural heritage through conservation projects and cultural initiatives.

One of the largest and main project that adapt this type of architecture is the Diriyah Gate

Diriyah Gate, KSA

The Diriyah Gate Development Authority (DGDA) Experience Centre in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia has been recognized as the Commercial Interior Design Awards.

Diriyah Gate draws on the influence of 300-year-old Najdi architecture, albeit newly adapted for 21st-century living. The historic town has been transformed into a global tourism destination with its main anchors rooted in its historic culture and heritage. It aims to be developed as an urban, mixed-use development inspired by the principles of both new urbanism and historical Najdi architectural typology

Jonathan Timms, DGDA’s chief design and development officer, said: “On completion, the development will embody a new way of living for

Diriyah’s residents and the greater Riyadh community — comprising a sophisticated intersection of authentic Najdi-style living coupled with world-class amenities, all within the convenience of a mixed-use urban community.

The Historic Diriyah is a prime example of how introverted dwelling typologies can allow people to adapt to life in a hot and dry climate. The living areas are arranged around a central area, such as an atrium, patio, or courtyard, in a typical Najd house. The middle region can be arranged geometrically in a variety of ways, most commonly as a square or rectangle. In addition to serving as the centre of family life in the home, the courtyard also serves as an airshaft and light well to cool the rooms during the hottest parts of the day and make them more Livable and comfortable. As a result, the courtyard serves as a key example of how to incorporate nature within Najd homes.

A Traditional architecture refers to all buildings from the past that have survived to the current day they are considered to be a constructed representation of heritage that is passed down from generation to generation. the entire project is built from mud bricks.

Finally, the Saudi Vision 2030 fortifies the Kingdom's cultural facets by reinvigorating the nation's identity via modern architecture that incorporates historic typologies, features, and materials—albeit from a fresh angle. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is poised to emerge as a top travel destination worldwide. Consequently, new architectural designs must fortify the country's cultural identity while also addressing environmental concerns by utilizing indigenous materials.

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09 Feb

The Gardens By The Bay

Sustainable Architecture

Strategies For Building A Greener Future

Green Building Design

Buildings can be designed and built with sustainable materials, energy-efficient systems, and green technology to reduce their negative environmental effects and improve the comfort and health of their occupants.

 Sustainable construction methods are outlined in green building certifications like LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design).
In order to create a sustainable future for upcoming generations, strategies from a variety of industries must be implemented, including architecture, urban planning, energy production, transportation, waste management, and agriculture. For this reason, sustainable architecture will always be a valuable tool in this endeavor.
In general, sustainable architecture aims to design structures that not only lessen their impact on the environment but also improve occupants' quality of life and have a positive impact on the neighborhood and ecosystem. This is because it takes a holistic approach that takes into account the interconnection of environmental, social, and and economic factors in the built environment


Singapore's natural park is one of the main international tourist destinations globally, and Gardens by the Bay is one of the biggest and most well-known sustainable initiatives in the world.
Metka Novak claims that Singapore has always been connected to greenery and that, since the 1960s, the city has gained international renown as a Garden City. Additionally, the park's vegetation reduces the amount of CO2 produced in the surrounding area, and its Super trees—a significant sustainable feature—help collect rainfall and produce solar electricity.
Super plants' environmentally sustainable functions
Eleven of the Super trees have integrated ecologically friendly features. Some people capture solar energy for lighting by installing photovoltaic cells on their canopies.

With its two glass biomes, the Conservatories mimic the semi-arid subtropical and Mediterranean cool-dry climates as well as the tropical montane cool-moist environment.

They have a wide variety of plants in their collection, some of which have a high conservation importance and are uncommon in this region of the world.
The conservatories use a variety of state-of-the-art technologies for energy-efficient cooling systems, making them a statement in sustainable engineering. Compared to buildings employing traditional cooling technology, GB is able to cut our energy usage by about 30% thanks to this package of technologies.

In conclusion, sustainable architecture prioritizes occupant health and well-being, minimizes environmental impact, and embraces ecological stewardship principles. This holistic approach not only mitigates the negative effects of climate change but also fosters thriving, vibrant communities. It encompasses energy efficiency, material selection, water conservation, site planning, indoor environmental quality, adaptability, and life cycle assessment.

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19 Mar

Vintage Vs Modern Architecture

The two unique architectural styles of modern and vintage architecture have developed over time to reflect shifts in design philosophies, cultural values, and technology.

So, introducing the juxtaposition between the two kinds of architectures offers a captivating exploration of how human ingenuity and societal shifts have shaped our built environment over time.

Historical Context

 Pre-20th century architectural styles are generally referred to as vintage architecture and it includes many different styles, such as Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, Victorian, and Art Nouveau.

Materials: Conventional construction materials including stone, brick, wood, and elaborate metalwork are frequently used in vintage architecture.

 Usually obtained locally, these materials were expertly made by artists.
Design Features: Ornamentation,  fine detailing, and craftsmanship are frequently highlighted in vintage building. So, buildings frequently have ornate exteriors, beautiful interior finishes, and decorative motifs.

Construction processes: Manual craftsmanship was a major component of traditional construction processes, which were labor-intensive. Techniques like load-bearing brickwork, timber framing, and hand-carved decorations were used to build the structures.

20th Century Forward is the reaction to shifting social, economic, and technological circumstances, modern architecture arose in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Styles including Art Deco, Bauhaus, International Style, Brutalism, and Postmodernism are all included in it.?
Materials: Reinforced concrete, steel, glass, and later synthetic materials like plastics were among the new building techniques and materials brought forth by modern architecture. Greater structural innovation and design freedom were made possible by these materials.

Simplicity and Function: The clean lines, geometric shapes, and minimalist aesthetic of modern architecture are its defining features. Functionality and simplicity are prioritized over ornamentation, which is frequently reduced or deleted. Efficiency and utilitarian design are prioritized.

Modern architects defied convention by using cutting-edge technology and architectural ideas to produce unique and trendy buildings. As a result, famous structures like skyscrapers, museums, and cultural hubs were created, and these buildings are now recognized as emblems of modernity and progress.

Adaptability: Modern architecture prioritizes flexibility and adaptability to changing needs and environments. Buildings are designed to be responsive to user needs, environmental conditions, and evolving urban contexts.

Royal Ontario Museum (Toronto)

The Royal Ontario Museum has a rich past that can be studied by the building's architecture. It was first built in 1914 in a neo-Romanesque style, only to be later renovated in an Art Deco–inspired form. By 2007, Daniel Libeskind added a multimillion-dollar extension made primarily of glass, aluminum, and steel.

This is an instance that shows us the architectural transformation over the ages

In conclusion, there are differences between modern and old architecture in terms of structure, design, and aesthetics. While modern architecture displays an inventive, forward-thinking mentality, vintage building frequently embodies historical and cultural traditions. Both architectural forms continue to have an impact on current architectural trends and have made substantial contributions to the built environment.




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01 Apr

Functionality meets style

The art of furniture selection in interior design

Our lives have always been significantly impacted by furniture. Beyond its functional purposes, furniture may be an artistic medium, a vehicle for expressing one's individual style, and a window into our moral principles. Let's take a brief look at the interesting world of furniture and how it goes beyond basic use to become artwork in our homes

When style and usefulness are combined in the skill of choosing furniture for interior design, aesthetically pleasing and extremely functional places are produced

The field of furniture design is always changing and represents the pinnacle of both artistic and practical inventiveness and the traditional forms become less important as distinctive and creative furniture that blurs the boundaries between art, usefulness, and aesthetics becomes more prominent, for that we may create living spaces that truly capture our own identities by experimenting with different styles and adopting visually arresting furniture pieces.

Here are some key aspects to consider:

Space Planning: Knowing the dimensions and traffic patterns of a room is the first step in choosing functional furniture. It is important to choose furniture that complements the space's scale in order to promote comfortable movement and interaction. Furniture selections should blend in with the general design plan, regardless of whether it is eclectic, modern, classic, or minimalist.

Multifunctional Pieces: Multifunctional furniture can optimize utility in interior design, especially in compact spaces. Sofa beds, ottomans with storage, and dining tables with extending leaves are a few examples. These components improve the space's usefulness by fulfilling two purposes in addition to their main one. Multipurpose furniture should complement the room's design scheme without drawing attention to itself.

Ergonomics and Comfort: In order to allow users to unwind and enjoy the environment, ergonomics and comfort are given top priority in functional furniture. Proper body support should be provided by chairs, couches, and beds, taking into account dimensions like depth, seat height, and backrest angle. Because it comes in a variety of forms and fabric options, ergonomic furniture may nevertheless be fashionable and eye-catching.

Material Selection: The choice of materials used to make furniture can have a big impact on its look and feel. High-traffic areas and locations that are frequently visited by children or pets require materials that are long-lasting and easily cleaned. Sustainable materials also conform to eco-friendly design standards. A room's overall style is influenced by its materials, which can include the smoothness of metal, the warmth of wood, or the velvety feel of upholstery textiles.

Aesthetic Cohesion: Functional furniture ought to blend in with the room's general design theme. This entails taking into account elements like shape, color, and texture to provide visual harmony. Furniture selections should improve the room's overall look, whether they stand out or mix in perfectly with the existing design. Either with intricate details and grandeur or with clean lines and minimalism, furniture can stylistically reflect the design style

Flexibility and Adaptability: Just as in architecture, these qualities are essential when choosing furniture for an interior design. Easy-to-rearrange or repurpose furniture allows for flexible space usage that may adapt to changing demands and tastes. Adaptable furniture should nevertheless be stylistically consistent with the general scheme to ensure a unified appearance regardless of the arrangement of the space.

Personalization: When choosing functional furniture, the tenants' tastes and way of life are taken into account. People can customize their furniture to fit their needs and interests by adding features like modular setups, adjustable finishes, and upholstery options. Style-wise, individualized details provide the room character and distinctiveness while expressing the occupants' personalities

In summation, places that are not only aesthetically pleasing but also cozy, useful, and customized to the demands of the users are produced when usefulness and style are combined in the art of furniture choosing in interior design. Designers produce highly useful and visually beautiful rooms by carefully balancing these factors.


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20 Apr

Designing For Wellness: How Architecture Impacts Mental And Physical Health

1 Hotel Brooklyn Bridge Park by Inc Architecture & Design, Marvel Architects, and Michael Van Valkenburgh Associates:2017 Best of Year Winner for U.S. Boutique Hotel

The Impact of Architecture on Mental Health

The places we live in are much more than just bricks and mortar in the fast-paced, constantly-changing world of modern living; they are essential to our general wellbeing. There is a deeper and more meaningful relationship between the built environment and our mental health, even if the aesthetic and practical components of architecture frequently take center stage. The complex relationship between architectural design and mental wellness is examined in this article, which emphasizes how smart architecture may greatly improve our quality of life.

Biophilic Design and Our Connection to Nature :

The concept of biophilic design, gaining prominence in architectural circles, seeks to integrate natural

elements into the built environment.

 This approach recognizes our innate connection to nature and acknowledges the positive effects it has on our mental state. Spaces that incorporate features like access to green areas, indoor plants, natural materials, and water elements can instill a profound sense of tranquility, vitality, and connection with the natural world. This connection can reduce stress, enhance cognitive function, and promote emotional well-being.

Acoustic Comfort for Mental Serenity :

Noise pollution is a prevalent stressor in urban environments. Forward-thinking architects are increasingly focusing on acoustic design to mitigate unwanted noise and create quieter, more peaceful spaces. Thoughtful soundscapes and the use of noise-reducing materials can contribute to lower stress levels, improved concentration, and overall mental well-being. Creating an environment where sound is carefully controlled fosters a sense of serenity and enables individuals to focus and relax.

Airy and Open Areas: A Breath of New Air :

One of the main causes of tension and anxiety is the sensation of being imprisoned in small, congested areas. On the other hand, spaces that are open and airy encourage a feeling of independence, peace, and relaxation. Minimalist design concepts, which prioritize clear views, clean lines, and a lack of visual clutter, are frequently used by architects. These components design environments that improve general wellbeing in addition to promoting tranquility. Our ability to navigate large spaces comfortably and with ease can have a significant effect on our mental health.

Natural Light: An Enhancer of Mood :

Especially natural light, is one of the most essential components in architectural design. Research has repeatedly demonstrated that sunshine exposure directly affects our circadian rhythms and mood. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that is produced in response to sunlight and is linked to feelings of happiness and wellbeing. Consequently, rooms with large windows, skylights, and open floor layouts that optimize natural light inflow can foster a lively and upbeat mood. Natural light has a profoundly positive effect on mental health that goes beyond aesthetics.

Architectural Design and Color Psychology :

In architectural design, color selection is by no means random; it can elicit particular feelings. Warm hues like orange and yellow encourage sentiments of warmth, vitality, and optimism. Conversely, colder hues like blues and greens promote peace, tranquility, and relaxation. Because the colors we surround ourselves with can affect our mental health and well-being, architects deliberately choose color palettes to complement the intended emotional impact of a location.


By integrating these principles into architectural design, we can create spaces that promote wellness, enhance quality of life, and contribute to healthier communities. Architecture has a profound impact on how we feel and function within our surroundings, making it a powerful tool for improving both mental and physical health.

So we can give a famous example about mental and physical wellness in architecture. For the 1 Hotel Brooklyn Bridge Park, the newest establishment in the eco-forward hospitality brand created by members of the Interior Design Hall of Fame, this reinterpretation of the activist catchphrase is an appropriate motto.

Designing for wellness in architecture involves creating spaces that promote the physical, mental, and emotional well-being of their occupants.


In conclusion, because architecture shapes the spaces in which we live, work, and play, it has a significant influence on both mental and physical health. A holistic approach that takes into account a number of variables is required when designing with a wellness focus in order to create environments that enhance the well-being of their users.


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06 May

Color psychology in interior design: Choosing the right palette for your space

Blue accents in Ayming Benelux’s office in Machelen

Ayming's previous office building was going to be demolished, so they had to relocate. They found a promising space on the outskirts of Brussels, but it was vast and empty. Visitors would also have to walk through a long, narrow and dark corridor to enter the space, which didn't feel welcoming.

The new area held promise, but workspace designers needed to work their magic.
The objective was to enhance the user experience, make the most of the available space, and design a setting that would inspire confidence and represent Ayming's brand. They made the decision to construct two distinct areas as a team: a calm area for concentration and rest, and an energetic area for mingling and socializing

Since first impressions count, they designed an unexpected light installation that made a lasting impression, transforming the dim hallway.
They included various tones of blue into their design to represent Ayming's identity, drawing inspiration from their brand colors.

The Chromatic Realm

The field of color psychology studies how the human mind interprets and responds to various hues. Colors have been connected to a range of emotions, personality types, and even health effects from antiquity to the present day.

The science of color psychology examines how various colors can elicit feelings, affect how people make decisions, and even have an effect on one's health. These effects are used in interior design to produce stimulating, calming, or inspiring environments. Color theory was founded on the discoveries of naturalists and philosophers who lived hundreds of years ago. Through the scientific findings of Aristotle and the psychological considerations of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, the inventors of their respective eras have made significant contributions to our understanding of the color spectrum.

Interior designers employ the intriguing idea of color psychology to set particular moods and ambiances in their spaces. Designers are able to select colors that will encourage rest, creativity, productivity, or anything else the client wants by knowing how different hues impact us emotionally.

Here's a rundown of how color psychology works in interior design:

1ST Emotions are evoked by colors: Certain emotions have been connected to particular hues. For instance, blue is recognized for its calming and relaxing qualities, while red is connected to passion and vigor.

2nd Shades matter: A color's particular shade can have a significant impact. While a strong mustard yellow can appear more mature and grounded, a pastel yellow can feel cheery and breezy.

3rd Warm vs. cool tones: Cool tones like blue, green, and violet have a relaxing impact on us, whilst warm tones like red, orange, and yellow tend to energize us.

4th Taking the purpose of the room into consideration: a bedroom where you want to relax can be better served by a cooler color scheme, whilst a living room where you want to host guests might benefit from a more colorful color scheme.

How can we design our room with the perfect color scheme?

Start with the space and its purpose:

  • Think about the scale of the space: Darker hues can make a tight space feel even cozier, while lighter hues typically make a space feel bigger and airier
  • Consider the purpose of the space: vibrant, upbeat colors may encourage energy in the kitchen, whereas soothing blues or lavenders may work well in a bedroom.

Think about the existing elements:

  • Lighting: Colors might seem differently in natural light. Take into account the amount of natural light coming into the space and if it is generally warm or cool. The kind of bulbs you use can also be affected by artificial illumination.
  • Flooring and furniture: Examine the colors of your main furniture pieces, such as your cabinets, flooring, and huge sofa. These constant elements might serve as the foundation of your palette, or you can use them to introduce contrasting colors.

Finding inspiration and making decisions:

  • The 60-30-10 rule: This is a handy guideline for creating a cohesive color scheme. Use your dominant color for 60% of the space (walls), a secondary color for 30% (furniture, rugs), and an accent color for 10% (throw pillows, artwork).
  • Compare and contrast colors: Hold paint swatches or fabric samples together to see how they interact. Look for colors that complement each other without clashing

Color psychology in interior design isn't just about picking a pretty paint color. It's about harnessing the power of color to create a space that truly functions for you. By understanding how different colors influence our moods and emotions, you can design a space that promotes relaxation, creativity, productivity, or whatever vibe you're going for. It's a powerful tool that can elevate your space from simply looking good to feeling truly good.



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